The Best Graduate Degrees for People Who Like Medicine
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, job opportunities in the medical field will continue to increase over the next decade and add positions that are exceedingly specialized. For people who desire a career in medicine, obtaining a master’s or doctorate degree in the medical industry represents guaranteed long-term employment as a doctor, nurse, researcher or engineer involved in comprehensive healthcare. People who receive medical graduate degrees generally make over $75,000 a year, with surgeons and research scientists often earning $100,000+ annually.
Doctor of Biomedical Science
Biomedical science specialists obtaining a Ph.D in this field are always in demand by many top-notch pharmaceutical organizations and university laboratories. A biomedical scientist studies the effects that diseases have on the human body and experiments with development innovative treatments, medicines and diagnostic tools intended to detect diseases in their earliest stages. Techniques used by biomedical scientists to conduct research and experimental studies include immunostaining, microarrays, chromatography and electrophoresis.
Graduate students involved in receiving a biomedical science degree will need to take chemistry, biology, physics and human physiology classes as undergraduates. Master’s and doctorate instruction includes internships that provide practical training with imaging technologies, genetic engineering techniques (viral transduction and transfection), bioinformatics and computational biology.
Classes required by Biomedical Science Degree Graduate Students
- Human Physiology
Earning a doctorate degree in this field may take up to six years since a large amount of research in expected along with the presentation of the dissertation. Following graduation, a doctor of biomedical science can expect to obtain employment as a university professor, laboratory manager in biotechnoloy and pharmaceutical companies or working for a governmental organization such as the Center for Disease Control studying emerging infectious diseases.
Master’s or Doctorate in Nursing
With an advanced nursing degree, nurses are qualified to work as nursing directors or managers in hospitals, health clinics and other large medical institution. Overseeing employees, health policies and the health care of all patients admitted to the medical facility, a nurse administrator may also be responsible for hiring, ordering inventory, establishing budgets and being responsible for training incoming nurses.
Undergraduate classes comprising a nursing degree primarily concentrate on human anatomy and physiology, diseases, treating illnesses and application of nursing principles. Graduate nursing students will explore various business administration topics such as health management and leadership, healthcare information systems and research in health and nursing promotion. Advanced subjects like clinical psychopharmacology, epidemology and quantitative measuring systems may also be learned while performing internships and writing the dissertation during time as a graduate student.
In addition, nursing managers are usually responsible for the following tasks:
- Managing overtime hours
- Meeting minimum staffing requirements as enacted by the state in which the medical facility operates
- Purchasing new equipment
- Relaying directions and pertinent information to shift supervisors
- Consistently monitoring the facility’s quality control indicators to maintain optimal care for all patients
- Remaining aware of any changes to state requirements concerning guidelines governing the operation of a medical facility
Nurses with a masters degree or doctorate degree can expect to experience increasing employment opportunities as people live longer and the need for additional medical care rises. Average annual salary for a nurse with a graduate degree is $70,000+, depending on geographical region of employment. Metropolitan areas in the northeast and western parts of the U.S. offer higher wages than medical facilities operating in the south and parts of the Midwest.
In addition to the increasing demand for nurses and doctors due to an aging population, the need for pharmacists also exists, a job that requires a graduate degree and considerable medical knowledge. In fact, a shortfall of qualified pharmacists is expected to occur between now and 2020 as baby boomers reach their 60s and 70s and create an extensive demand for prescription medication intended to treat various health conditions common to the elderly.
To work as a pharmacist, graduate students need to earn a Doctor of Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D) that qualifies them to dispense medication. Students will need to take the Pharmacy College Admissions Test prior to being accepted by a graduate pharmacology program and have successfully completed undergraduate courses consisting of math, biology, chemistry, physics and human physiology.
Before receiving the qualifications necessary to dispense pharmaceuticals, graduate students will have to pass the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination given by the NABP (National Association of Boards of Pharmacy). Some states require pharmacists to also pass an examination covering pharmacy law called the Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that current pharmacist salaries average about $110,000 annually.
A pharmacist is not only responsible for dispensing medication correctly, he or she also:
- Works closely with physicians to determine the best medication and dosage for all patients
- Answers patient questions concerning their medications and advises them what to look for in regards top adverse reactions or side effects
- Recommends over the counter drugs when applicable
- Provides information to clients about healthcare supplies and equipment
- Assists in completing insurance forms
Additional best graduate degrees for people who like medicine include:
Masters in Genetic Counseling—because geneticists can now detect certain chromosomal mutations within individuals suspected of carrying a genetic abnormality, couples who are considering having a baby can find out whether they possess the potential to pass on genetic disorders before having a child. Genetic counselors offer information regarding chances for this abnormality to be expressed and what to expect from children suffering genetic disorders.
Master’s of Occupational or Physical Therapy—physical therapists are in demand for the same reasons that most medical field positions remain unfilled—the population is aging and more people need assistance by qualified professionals. Occupational therapists work with people who are suffering physical immobility due to stroke, accidents, fractures or muscle diseases by manually performing stretching movements on the patient’s extremities.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that employment opportunities for surgeons is expected to rise by nearly 25 percent over the next decade, a decidedly faster than average increase over other medical profession careers. General surgeons are qualified to operate on a variety of health conditions ranging from tumors and broken bones to removing damaged organs and performing trauma procedures in emergency rooms.
People interested in becoming surgeons will spend around eight to 10 years as graduate students, interns and serving residencies in hospitals and other medical facilities before qualifying as independent surgeons. Obtaining excellent grades as a pre-med undergraduate student is essential in order to be accepted by a medical school.
Surgeons represent the highest paid profession in the health and medical industry, earning between $200,000 and $400,000 annually.
While a graduate degree in the medical profession is one of the harder degrees to obtain, it does provide a wide field of well-paying opportunities that appear to represent the most stable type of employment currently available. To learn more about the best medical graduate degrees, visit http://www.bestgraduatedegrees.com/graduate-medical-degrees.html.